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Facts about Wales

Find out about our population, climate, symbols, national anthem and many interesting facts about Wales.

Quick Facts...                     

Population: 3,113,150*

Population Density: 150.1 people per km2*

Size: 20,782km2  or 8,024m2

Coastal Path: 1400km or 870 miles

Capital City: 
Cardiff, population 361,468*

Other major towns/cities: Swansea, Newport, Wrexham, Merthyr Tydfil

Official languages: English, Welsh

Government: Welsh Government

First Minister of Wales: Mark Drakeford AM

National Day: 1st March (St Davids Day)

National Anthem:
Hen Wlad fy Nhadau / Land of my fathers

Currency: Pounds sterling (£)

*StatsWales/ Mid year Local Authority estimates 2016

Picture of ZipWorld and Pontcysyllte Aqueduct
Wales 101
101 facts about Wales - did you know that canned beer and artificial rain were invented in Wales? Find out more here...
Climate of Wales
Wales has a moderate climate, very similar to the rest of the UK but it can also be slightly unpredictable!
Picture of Daffodils
National symbols of Wales
In Welsh Cenhinen means leek, and Cenhinen Pedr means daffodil. The similarities have led to both being adopted as our national symbols.
Picture of Song sheet of Welsh National Anthem
Welsh National Anthem
Learn the words (and how to pronounce them) to Wales’ National anthem - Hen Wlad Fy Nhadau...