Chinese Community in Wales
We have lots of cultures and faiths living happily side-by-side in Wales, mostly in our larger cities. This includes a significant Chinese community who have benefitted society here.
In the 2011 census, the data shows that there were 13,638 people of Chinese origin in Wales, nearly half of these are in Swansea (2,052) and Cardiff (4,168) making up the third largest ethnic minority group in Wales. The census is undertaken every 10 years and the numbers of people from Chinese origin more than doubled from the 2001 census.
The community in Wales is made up of a variety of different generation Chinese immigrants and many are British-born and Welsh-born.
Even though there is little evidence to show when the first Chinese migrants settled in Wales, it is believed this occured at least 100 years ago. The largest influxes came from 1940s to 1970s, mainly from Hong Kong and Guangdong province. A large proportion of Chinese Britons today are the second or third generation of these immigrants.There are increasing numbers of students coming from mainland China to study in Welsh universities and more and more, high skilled and well-educated Chinese from mainland China are settling in Wales. Mandarin has replaced Cantonese as the dominant language used within the Chinese community here.
There are three Confucius Institutes at Cardiff University, Bangor University and the University of Trinity St David, which provide a strategically important portal of understanding between the peoples of Wales and China. They also have a role in engaging the community to promote the Chinese language and culture.
[Chinese New Year Celebrations parade and gala in the High Street of Bangor - credit Bangor University Confucius Institute]
The Chinese in Wales Association (CIWA) is a charitable organisation which aims to deliver services that will make a positive difference to the lives of ethnic Chinese residents in Wales.
The aim of the organisation is to make a positive difference to the lives of ethnic Chinese residents in Wales including:
- To promote community cohesion
- To represent the Chinese community to ensure their wellbeing;
- To promote both the Chinese and Welsh culture and heritage to explore and advance cultural exchanges between the two communities; and
- To progress the health, welfare, art and culture of ethnic Chinese residents in Wales.
The North Wales Chinese Association is a non-political, non-religious organisation formed to serve and represent the interests of those members of the Chinese community who recognise a common set of needs and wish to take positive action to achieve these aspirations. They aim to look after our welfare and cater to the Chinese communities needs and promote greater understanding and appreciation of the Chinese community in North Wales.