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Ethnic minority groups

[Couple at the banqueting hall of Cardiff Castle]

Wales is an open and welcoming country. In our major towns and cities, it is easy to find influences from across the world and there are now distinct communities from countries such as China, India, Bangladesh, and Poland to name a few.

But that’s not all, you can find people from every continent living here, in particular, the Middle East, Africa and Asia, where many people come together in communities centred on religion and shared ethnic backgrounds. It is common to see delicatessen stores, cafés and restaurants which have been either set up or influenced by those emerging cultures.

[Chinese art on display at Cardiff Museum - Nature's Song: Chinese Bird and Flower Paintings]

A wonderful example of different cultures living in harmony together can be seen in local schools, such as Kitchener Primary School in Cardiff's Riverside area. The school motto is ‘We all live together in Riverside’ – which is a fine reflection of the positive, inclusive attitude in Wales.

The latest figures from the Office of National Statistics census published in 2011 shows that there was a 4.1% increase in ethnic minorities in Wales from 2001-2009. It is likely that number will increase again ahead of the next census in 2021.

In fact, in 2011, there were around 126,100 people from Black and Minority Ethnic (BME) groups living in Wales and Cardiff, our capital city has the largest population with around 51,900 BME individuals.

You can discover more about some of these communities on our International pages linked below.