Frequently asked questions
Do you have a question about Wales? If you can't find what you are looking for here please free to contact us and we'll get back to you as quickly as we can.
- What is the population of Wales?
- How many people in Wales can speak Welsh?
- Can you explain why there is a dragon on the Welsh flag?
- What is the translation of the Welsh National Anthem?
- What is the longest place name in Wales?
- How many cities are there in Wales and what are they called?
- What sport is played in Wales?
- When is Wales' national day?
- What is the weather like in Wales?
- How can I get to Wales?
- Is Wales a country or a principality?
- Can you translate something into Welsh for me?
- Can you help me find my Welsh ancestors?
- Can I come and live in Wales?
- I normally reside overseas. I am currently working/studying in England/Scotland and would like to come to Wales for a day trip/holiday – do I need an additional visa?
- How do I report a website issue or problem?
- How do I obtain a brochure about Wales?
- I’d like personal financial assistance – can you help?
- I want to set up a Business in Wales / expand my business to Wales – can you help?
- Can you help me with my school project?
- I want to study in Wales - can you help?
- How do I advertise my event on Wales.com?
- I’ve written a book/play/music about Wales. Can you advertise it on wales.com?
- We’re a charity – can you help us to raise money?
The population in 2012 was 3,074,067 (StatsWales 2012). For more detailed information on population statistics visit Stats Wales.
According to the 2011 census, the percentage of people in Wales who could speak Welsh was around 19% of the population. Welsh is one of the oldest languages in Europe. See our Welsh language pages for more information about the Welsh language and for suggestions on how to learn Welsh.
The origins of Wales' flag, a red dragon on a green and white field, are lost in legend but may derive from Roman custom, a dragon having been the emblem of the cohort. In post-Roman times legend warriors sometimes became known as 'dragons'. King Arthur's father was Uther Pendragon, the 'chief dragon', and legend tells that he had a vision of a fiery dragon, interpreted by his seers as a sign that he would mount the throne.
Legend tells too of the struggle between the red dragon of Wales and the white dragon of England, foretelling the victory of the former. A tradition that was fostered by the bards and made true by Henry Tudor whose standard emblem was a red dragon. Henry VII incorporated the Welsh dragon in the Royal Arms, where it remained until James I displaced it in favour of the Scottish Unicorn. In 1901, however, the red dragon was officially recognised as the Royal Badge of Wales. In 1959 the Queen commanded that the red dragon on its green and white field should be the Welsh flag.
See our Welsh National Anthem page.
Its full name is Llanfairpwllgwyngyllgogerychwyrndrobwll-llantysiliogogogoch which means The Church of St Mary in the hollow of the white hazel near the rapid whirlpool and the church of St Tysilio near a red cave, although it is usually shortened to Llanfairpwll or Llanfair PG.
There are currently six cities, Cardiff (Caerdydd in Welsh) the capital city of Wales, which is in south east Wales, Swansea (Abertawe) in south west Wales, Newport (Casnewydd) in south east Wales and Bangor in north west Wales.
St Davids in Pembrokeshire has a population of under 2000 and is the smallest city in the UK.
In recent years Wales has been an increasingly popular destination for outdoor and adventure sports, such as abseiling, surfing and paragliding.
Cardiff's Millennium Stadium, which holds 74,500 people, has been host to many international sporting events such as the Rugby World Cup final in 1999 and 11 Olympic Football games in 2012. We enjoy football in Wales. We have a Welsh team in the English Premier League: Swansea City Football Club.
The Celtic Manor Resort in South Wales hosted Golf’s 2010 Ryder Cup as well as the annual Wales Open.
1 March is St David’s Day, celebrated as a patriotic and cultural festival by the Welsh in Wales and throughout the world. Saint David or Dewi Sant (c 520-588), the founder and first abbot-bishop of Menevia (now St Davids in Pembrokeshire), has been venerated since the early Middle Ages as the patron saint of Wales. Find out more about St David.
We enjoy long summer days and the south west coastal strip of Wales gets around 1,700 hours of sunshine each year. Our average mean temperatures are 10 degrees Celsius (50 degrees Fahrenheit) in our winter months (October - March) and 20 degrees Celsius (68 degrees Fahrenheit) in our summer months (April - September).
The latest weather for Wales can be found on the Met Office website.
The main air link is Cardiff Airport, but Wales is also well connected with the rest of the UK and Europe through its ports as well as its road and rail networks. See our Where is Wales page for more information.
Wales is not a Principality. Although we are joined with England by land, and we are part of Great Britain, Wales is a country in its own right.
We have a long history that goes from the old welsh kingdoms and the middle ages. We have had a 'Prince of Wales' from 1301, when Edward I created the title. The title is given to the eldest son of each English monarch.
The Prince of Wales is Prince Charles, who is the present heir to the throne. But he does not have a role in the governance of Wales, even though his title might suggest that he does.
On 18 September 1997, we voted in favour of devolution in Wales. Before that, we were run entirely by the UK government in London. We were then given the powers we need to make secondary laws that affect us by an act called the Government of Wales Act 1998.
In 2006, we expanded on this act and have gained more powers for our country with the Government of Wales Act 2006. Our Government's document 'One Wales' refers to us as a country or nation in its own right.
I'm afraid we're unable to help with translations, however, The Association of Welsh Translators and Interpreters has a list of translators.
We do not have the expertise to help but our Ancestry page provides many links to sites that can help you in your search. There are many online forums where you can find help or you may wish to consider a professional genealogist. Good luck in your search!
Great choice! We hope the website gives you lots of information on what it is like to live here.
If you are a citizen of the EU, you are free to move within the countries of the union without a visa.
If you are from a country outside of the EU you will need to check information on how to obtain a visa.
No additional visa is needed. You are able to visit Wales provided the dates of your visa are valid. Visas are dealt with on a UK wide basis. There are no border controls between England and Wales.
Please complete the contact us form, providing a link to the page and a brief description of the problem. It would also be helpful if you could tell us the version of your web browser and your computer operating system information.
Visit Wales have brochures about accommodation, activities and parts of Wales. You can download as many brochures as you like or select up to three for free postal delivery.
18. I’d like personal financial assistance – can you help?
We are unable to provide any financial assistance but the following may help:
See Study in Wales scholarship page for details of what is available for students from overseas.
Businesses – please complete the business contact us form.
If you’re looking for information for your school project, please explore our website. It contains a lot of information that will help. Another good source is the National Library of Wales. Our sister site Visit Wales has brochures you can download free of charge.
If you’re from outside of the UK and want to know something else then please contact us.
Please visit our study pages for further information about universities, schools and colleges in Wales.
We cannot advertise all the events we receive on Wales.com. There are many events in Wales and we feature a small selection of major events we feel will be of interest to the international audience.
If you feel your event meets these criteria please completed the contact us form with details for us to consider.
We are unable to advertise any items for commercial sale on our website. If you would like information on marketing a product within Wales or venturing into an overseas market please get in touch with the Wales Business Team.
Wales.com is unable to promote individual charities.